Factors that impact bridge design
Bridge design is determined largely by two factors:
Function – High speed traffic for a four lane highway would require a substantially more rigid bridge compared to a simple crossing for local traffic. Other types of traffic include trains and pedestrians.
Obstacles to span over – The type of obstacles (e.g. valley, water, and road) will influence how a bridge will be constructed. For example, a bridge over a large body of water requires an incremental launching (a bridge construction method), which would determine its shape and structure to make this method possible. The type of obstacles will also determine the location of support, its features (such as movable bridge and its span configuration) and the structure type.
Other factors include cost/budget, materials availability, aesthetic value, and the bridges lifespan.
Type of bridges
The next step in bridge design is determining the type of bridge. All bridge types have pros and cons and the selection of a bridge boils down to optimising the bridge’s ability to meet the design criteria. The criteria may include: cost, ease of construction, load carrying ability, materials, the bridge’s weight, wind load, etc. Common bridge types include:
- Beam & slab bridge
- Truss bridge
- Cantilever bridge
- Arch bridge
- Suspension bridge
- Cable stay bridge
Why Neilly Davies for Bridge Design?
Consulting engineers for over 35 years, Neilly Davies has the experience to undertake any bridge design to suit your project needs. Our civil and structural engineers have significant experience in the field of bridge design and maintenance both across Australia and overseas.
Our engineers are also capable of designing individual elements parts of your bridge project to meet your overall requirements including:
- Abutment design – Abutments are parts of a bridge
- Pier design
- Carriageway or deck design
- Traffic barrier and rail design
- Box girders or Prestressed Concrete girders
- Approach slab design
- Retaining wall
- Support bearings
- Construction joints
- Parapets and Wingwall design
Whether it is the bridge superstructure or sub-structure, Neilly Davies has what it takes to build it. For a tailored bridge design solution, choose Neilly Davies Consulting Engineers.
For more information or to discuss your project in more detail, call us now on 1300 730 340.